Islam is a religion based on knowledge. It encourages people to seek knowledge in each and every useful field. Allah said: "Recite in the name of your Lord who created - created man from a clinging substance. Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous - Who taught by the pen - Taught man that which he knew not." Quran (96:1-5). Ever since the advent of Islam, Muslims have excelled in research development and inventing. They have carried the torch of enlightenment for many centuries. They have made significant progress in many scientific fields. They were the first to use algebra. They invented the Arabic numerals. Also, they contributed in developing some of the instruments such as the astrolabe, the quadrant, and the navigational maps.
In medicine, Muslim physicians paid a lot of attention to surgery and developed many surgical instruments.