The Hijab .. Why ?

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This book lists the virtues of a critical aspect of this protection: the HIJAB. The characteristics of the Hijab are discussed, bringing the glad tidings promised (by Allah) to those women adhering to it. It also points out the danger of dazzling displays of ornaments and beauty as well as the terrible repercussions in this life and in the hereafter for those who practice it.

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    The Hijab .. Why?

    Dr: Muhammad Ismail

    Translation & Comments

    Dr: Saleh As-Saleh

    &

    "A View Through Hijab"

    A Japanese Woman

    INTRODUCTION

    ALL praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Most

    Merciful, the Beneficent, and the Master of the Day of

    Judgment. O Allah! Have Your Salat(1) and Salam (peace) and

    blessing upon Your slave and Messenger Muhammad and

    upon all of his companions.

    Extraordinary consideration has been given by the Islamic

    Law to women's affairs. Such consideration is sufficient to

    protect her chastity, to honor her and to secure her position in

    life. The "restrictions" placed upon her regarding her dress and

    the display of her beauty and ornament is only to guard

    against all ways of corruption arising from such dazzling

    displays. What Islam has established is not a restriction on

    the freedom of women but is a firm protection for her from

    falling down to the lowest levels of humility.

    In this work, we mention the virtues of a critical aspect of this

    protection: the HIJAB. The characteristics of the Hijab are

    discussed, bringing the glad tidings promised (by Allah) to

    those women adhering to it. We also point out the danger of

    dazzling displays of ornaments and beauty as well as the

    terrible repercussions in this life and in the hereafter for those

    who practice Tabar'roj.

    This is the second edition of this book. It comes at a time

    when more women are throwing away their revealing clothes,

    and wearing the Hijab. It goes to print when Muslim women

    are being raped and tom in their Hijabs in "civilized" Europe(2)!

    and when France(3) prevents Muslim women from wearing the

    Hijab at school. These are times of trials for Muslims and

    particularly for Muslim women. We all have to remember the

    path of the Prophets: endurance, patience, holding on, and

    aiming high by keeping the way of Allah above everything.

    Allah knows our intentions and He is Sufficient to Us and He

    is the Best Guardian.

    Shayekh - Dr. Muhammad Bin Ismail

    Translator and Commentator: Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

    13/6/ 1414 Hj. Nov.26, 1993

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (1) The Salat of Allah upon prophet Muhammad is His Praise and

    mentioning of the Prophet to the angels in the Most High place in

    Heaven

    (2) Bosnia is a testimony against the "civility" of Europe and the West.

    Civility stops at the word: Muslim or Islam!

    (3) The country that raises the banner of: equality, brotherhood, and

    freedom.!!!

    THE VIRTUES OF HIJAB

    (1) AN ACT OF OBEDIENCE

    The Hijab is an act of obedience to Allah SW(4) and to His

    Messenger Muhammad (SAAW(5)). He (SW) says:

    } ‏ وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

    أَمْرًا أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ

    وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُبِينًا‏{ [الأحزاب، 36]

    "It is not for a believer, man or woman,

    when Allah and His Messenger have

    decreed a matter that they should have

    an option in their decision. And

    whoever disobeys Allah and His

    Messenger, has indeed strayed in a

    plain error." (Qur'an 33:36)

    Allah (SW) also says:

    } ‏ ‏فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ

    بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ

    وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا‏‏{ [ النساء، 65 ]

    "But no by your Lord, they can have no

    Faith, until they make you

    (Muhammad (SAAW)) a judge in all

    disputes between them, and find in

    themselves no resistance against your

    decisions, and accept (them) with full

    submission." (Qur'an 4:65)

    Indeed,, Allah ordered that women must put on the Hijab(6).

    He (SW) says:

    } ‏ وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ

    فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ

    بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ ‏‏{ [النور،31]

    "And tell the believing women to lower

    their gaze (from looking at forbidden

    things) and protect their private parts

    (from illegal sexual acts, etc.) and not

    to show off their adornment except

    what must (ordinarily) appear thereof,

    that they should draw their veils over

    their Juyubihinna(7)." (Qur'an 24:31).

    Allah considered the dazzling display of beauty an act of ignorance:

    } ‏ وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى‏‏{ [الأحزاب،33]

    "And stay in your houses and do not

    display yourselves like that of the times

    of Jahiliyeeyah(8) (ignorance). " (Qur'an 33:33)

    He, Most Glorified, says:

    } ‏ وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ

    ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ‏‏{ [الأحزاب، 53 ]

    "And when you ask the Prophet's wives

    for anything you want, ask them from

    behind a screen." (Qur'an 33:53)

    The above Ayah (verse) does not apply only to the Prophet's

    wives but to all of the believing women. Carefully read the

    following saying of Allah (SW):

    } ‏ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

    يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ ‏‏{ [الأحزاب،59]

    "O Prophet! Tell your wives and your

    daughters and the women of the

    believers to draw their cloaks (veils)

    over their bodies (when outdoors). That

    is most convenient that they should be

    known and not molested."(9) (Qur'an 33:59)

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    " المَرأة عَوْرةَ "

    "The woman (i.e. any woman) is A'wrah (10)", that is she must be covered.

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    (4) SW: Subhanahu Wata'ala, Most Glorified and Most High is He.

    (5) SAAW: Salla Allahu Aleihi Wassalam: May the Salat and Salaam

    (Peace) of Allah be upon His Prophet Muhammad

    (6)This is not something cultural. It is Allah's order. Its conditions are not

    Arabian, Egyptian, Pakistani, Black or White American, etc. Its

    conditions are specified in the Qur'an and Sunnah to provide a protection

    and safeguarding of women. No one knows about what is good for men

    and women more than their Creator, Allah. His laws are Wise as it is the

    case with all of His actions.

    (7) Juyubihinna: The respected scholars from As-Salaf As-Saleh (righteous

    predecessors) differed whether the veil cover of the body must include

    the hands and face or not. Today, respected scholars say that the hands

    and face must be covered. Other respected scholars say it is preferable

    for women to cover their whole bodies.

    (8) Jahilyeeyah: The days of ignorance prior to the Revelation of the Qur'an.

    (9) No one can ignore the molestation of women that exists in the so called

    "open" societies. The question is: why it is happening? The answer

    begins to shape up when people think about the purpose behind

    creation. Allah created us for the single purpose of worshipping Him

    alone. He detailed all the ways to fulfill this purpose in the Last

    Revelation to all mankind, the Qur'an. In it we can find how women and

    men can safeguard their dignity, honor, and morality. The worship of

    Allah is manifested in the following of His orders. Allah orders that

    men and women must avoid all the roads that lead to animalistic ways of

    living. The Hijab is one of Allah's commands. It is an honor and

    protection for women as well as a true freedom for her body from the

    hands and eyes of aggressors and molesters.

    (l0) This hadeeth is narrated by Abdullah bin Masoud and collected by

    At-Tirmidhi who said it is Hassan-Ghareeb i.e. good and Ghareeb (The

    Ghareeb is a narration by one narrator either in each level of the levels

    of the chain of narrators or in some levels of the chain). Also As-Siyouti

    hinted that it is authentic.

    (2) THE HIJAB IS IFFAH (MODESTY):

    Allah (SW) made the adherence to the Hijab a manifestation

    for chastity and modesty:

    } ‏ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

    يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا

    يُؤْذَيْنَ ‏‏{ [الأحزاب،59]

    "O Prophet! Tell your wives and your

    daughters and the women of the

    believers to draw their cloaks (veils)

    over their bodies (when outdoors). That

    is most convenient that they should be

    known and not molested." (Qur'an 33: 59)

    In the above Ayah there is an evidence that the recognition of

    the apparent beauty of the woman is harmful to her. When the

    cause of attraction ends, the restriction is removed. This is

    illustrated in the case of elderly women who may have lost

    every aspect of attraction. Allah (SW) made it permissible for

    them to lay aside their outer garments and expose their faces

    and hands reminding, however, that it is still better for them to

    keep their modesty:

    } ‏ ‏وَالْقَوَاعِدُ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ اللَّاتِي لَا يَرْجُونَ نِكَاحًا

    فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِنَّ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ يَضَعْنَ ثِيَابَهُنَّ غَيْرَ مُتَبَرِّجَاتٍ

    بِزِينَةٍ وَأَنْ يَسْتَعْفِفْنَ خَيْرٌ لَهُنَّ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ‏ ‏‏{ [النور،60 ]

    "And as for women past child-bearing

    who do not expect wed-lock, it is no sin

    for them if they discard their (outer) in

    such a way as not to show their

    adornment; but it is best to be modest

    and Allah knows and sees all things

    provided they do not make a display of

    their beauty; but it is best to be modest

    and Allah knows and sees all

    things." (Qur'an 24:60)

    So how about young women? Clearly they must stay modest

    find not display their beauty.

    (3) THE HIJAB IS TAHARA (PURITY)

    Allah (SW) had shown us the Hikma (Wisdom) behind the

    legislation of the Hijab:

    } ‏ وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ

    ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ‏‏{ [الأحزاب، 53]

    "And when you ask them (the Prophet's

    wives) for anything you want, ask them

    from behind a screen, that is purer for

    your hearts and their hearts." (Qur'an 33:53)

    The Hijab makes for greater purity for the hearts of believing

    men and women because it screens against the desire of the

    heart. Without the Hijab, the heart may or may not desire.

    That is why the heart is more pure when the sight is blocked

    (by Hijab) and thus the prevention of fitna (evil actions) is

    very much manifested. The Hijab cuts off the ill thoughts and

    the greed of the sick hearts:

    } ‏ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ

    وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا ‏‏{ [الأحزاب، 32]

    "Be not soft in speech, lest he in whose

    heart is a disease (of hypocrisy or evil

    desire for adultery, etc.) should be

    moved with desire, but speak in an

    honorable manner." (Qur'an 33:32)

    (4) THE HIJAB IS A SHIELD

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "إنَّ الله حَييٌ سِتَّير يُحِبُّ السِتْر"

    "Allah, Most High, is Ha'yeii(11), Sit'teer)12(, He loves Haya'

    (Bashfulness) and Sitr (Shielding; Covering)"(13).

    The Prophet (SAAW) also said:

    "إيما إمرأةٌ نَزَعَت ثِيابَها في غير بيتِ أهلِها، خَرَقَ الله عزَّ وجَلَّ عَنها سِتْرِها"

    "Any woman who takes off her clothes in other than her

    husband's home (to show off for unlawful purposes). has

    broken Allah's shield upon her"(14)

    The hadeeth demonstrates that depending upon the kind of

    action committed there will be either reward (if good) or

    punishment (if bad).

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (11) Ha'yeii: Allah is Bashful: He does not unravel the acts of disobedience

    by His slaves. They openly disobey Allah while they are in need of Him,

    yet He (being Ha'yeii) is ashamed of humiliating them leaving the door

    of repentance opened for them. If, however, they become arrogant and

    persist on the spread of evil, and disobedience, Allah certainly is All-Just

    in His infliction of punishment.

    (12) Sit'teer: Allah is Sit'teer: He provides means that shield against the

    uncovering of disobedient acts. The slaves commit acts of disobedience

    while Allah is providing them with many of His favors. He (SW) gives

    the opportunity for each one of us to return to Him in repentance and to

    seek His forgiveness. He loves those who do not like the spread of sin.

    He dislikes the Muslim who publicizes his acts of sin and disobedience.

    He loves the Muslim who does not unravel the sins of his brother in

    Islam while at the same time calls him to repent. The Hijab is something

    beloved by Allaah because it is a shield against the spread of evil

    manifested in the display of beauty to strangers.

    (l3) Collected by Abu Dawoud, An-Nissa'ee, AI-Baihaqee, Ahmed, and in

    Saheeh An-Nissa'ee.

    (14) Collected by Abu Dawoud and At-Tirmidhi who said: it is a good hadeeth" .

    (5) THE HIJAB IS TAQWAH (RIGHTEOUSNESS)

    Allah (SW) says:

    } ‏ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ قَدْ أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمْ لِبَاسًا يُوَارِي سَوْآتِكُمْ

    وَرِيشًا وَلِبَاسُ التَّقْوَى ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ ‏‏{ [الأعراف، 26]

    "O Children of Adam! We have

    bestowed raiment upon you to cover

    yourselves (screen your private parts,

    etc.) and as an adornment. But the

    raiment of righteousness, that is

    better." (Qur'an 7:26)

    The widespread forms of dresses in the world today are mostly

    for show off and hardly taken as a cover and shield of the

    woman's body. To the believing women, however, the purpose

    is to safeguard their bodies and cover their private parts as a

    manifestation of the order of Allah. It is an act of Taqwah

    (righteousness ).

    (6)THE HIJAB IS EEMAN(BELIEF OR FAITH)

    Allah (SW) did not address His Words about the Hijab except

    to the believing women, Al-Mo'minat:

    } ‏ وَقُل للمُؤمِناتِ ‏‏{ [النور،31]

    "And say (O Muhammad (SAAW) to

    the believing women." (Qur'an 24: 31)

    In another Ayah Allah (SW) also says:

    } ‏ ونِسآءِ المُؤمِنين‏‏{ الآية [الأحزاب،59]

    "And the believing

    women" (Qur'an 33: 59).

    A'isha (RAA(15)) the wife of the Prophet (SAAW), addressed

    some women from the tribe of Banu Tameem who came

    visiting her and had light clothes on them:

    "If indeed you are believing women, then truly this is not the

    dress of the believing women, and if you are not believing

    women, then enjoy it."(16)

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    (15) RAA: Radiya Allahu anhu (anha or anhum): May Allah be pleased

    with him (her or them)

    (16) Reported in "Ma'alim As-Sunnan" by Abu Suleiman Al-Khitabi in his

    explanation of Sunnan An-Nissa'ee V 4, p.376

    (7) THE HIJAB IS HAYA'(BASHFULNESS)

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "إنَّ لِكُلَّ دين خُلُقاً، وخُلُقُ الإسلام الحياء"

    "Each religion has a morality and the morality of Islam is

    haya' (bashfulness)."(17)

    He (SAAW) also said:

    "Bashfulness is from belief and belief is in Aj-Jannah

    (Paradise)."(18)

    Furthermore, he (SAAW) said:

    "الحياءُ والإيمانُ قُرِنا جميعاً، فإذا رُفِعَ أحَدُهُما رُفِعَ الآخر"

    "Bashfulness and belief are fully associated together if one is

    lifted the other follows suit."(19)

    The mother of the believers, A'isha said: "I used to enter the

    room where the Messenger of Allah (SAAW) and my father

    were later buried in without having my garment on me,

    saying it is only my husband and my father". But when Umar

    (RAA) was later buried in (the same place), I did not enter

    the room except that I had my garment on being shy from

    Umar (RAA)."(20) The Hijab fits the natural bashfulness which

    is a part of the nature of women.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (17) Related by Imam Malik in his "Mu'wata" (2: 905-Arabic). The hadeeth

    chain is Mursal i.e. the chain of narrators is disconnected at one point or

    another. For example to say: "On the authority of A, on the authority of

    B, on the authority of C that the Prophet said "...." . The hadeeth is

    Mursal if for example C did not hear directly from the Prophet. In the

    case of the above hadeeth, Ibin Habban connected the chain by two ways

    of narrators, both of them are weak.

    (18) collected by At-Tirmidhi who said it is: "a good and authentic hadeeth".

    (19) Narrated by Abdul'lah bin Umar as Related by Al-Hakim in his

    "Mustadrak" (1/22-Arabic) who said: "it is a good and authentic

    Hadeeth….." and Al-Thahabi confirmed Al-Hakim on this.

    (20) As-Simt Ath'ameeen Fee Maniqib Ummahat Ul-Mu'mineen, p.91:A

    Book by Ibin As-Sakir that represents a collection of the great attributes

    of the Mothers of Believers (The wives of the Prophet-SAAW). Al-

    Hakim reported a similar narration and said that it is "good according to

    the conditions of Imam Bukhari and Imam Mulslim", noting that both

    Imams did not discuss the chain of narration itself. Al- Thahabi had no

    comment about Al-Hakim's narration.

    (8) THE HIJAB IS GHEERAH

    The Hijab fits the natural feeling of Gheerah which is intrinsic

    in the straight man who does not like people to look at his

    wife or daughters. Gheerah is a driving emotion that drives

    the straight man to safeguard women who are related to him

    from strangers. The straight Muslim man has Gheerah for all

    Muslim women. Many in the world had lost this great moral

    aspect. In response to lust and desire men look (with desire) at

    other women while they do not mind that other men do the

    same to their wives or daughters! In "free" societies you see

    men sitting with strange women who are half-naked

    "enjoying" the scene! They introduce their wives to other

    strange men. Mutual looks here and there! Affairs develop and

    phone calls are exchanged. "Love affairs" destroys many

    families and children suffer most. What kind of "love" is this?

    The mixing of sexes and absence of Hijab kills the Gheerah in

    men. The eyes "eat up" other men and women! The inner

    "justification" is: since I can look they can look. It's a " free

    choice"!! Few are those who feel anything when they discover

    their wives have "affairs". They become numb!! No dignity !

    No honor! The bottom line is that in many societies of this

    modern World the animalistic behaviors are becoming very

    apparent.

    Ali (RAA) said: "It was related to me that you women used to

    crowd the Kuffar (disbelieving men) from the non-Arabs in

    the markets; don't you have Cheerah? There is no good in the

    one who does not have Gheerah."

    Islam considers Gherrah an integral part of faith .The dignity

    of the wife or daughter or any other Muslim woman must be

    highly respected and defended.

    THE DISGRACE OF TABAR'ROJ"21"

    (DISPLAY OF WOMAN'S CHARM)

    (1)TABAR'ROJ IS A DISOBEDIENCE TO ALLAH & HIS MESSENGER

    The one who disobeys Allah and his Messenger (SAAW) can

    only harm himself and cannot in any way harm Allah. The

    Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "كُلُّ أُمّتي يَدخُلونَ الجنَّةَ إلاَّ من أبى" فقالوا: يا رسولَ الله من يأبى؟ قال: "من

    أطاعني دخلَ الجنّة ومن عصاني فقد أبى"

    "All of my followers will enter Aj-Jannah except those who

    refuse." They said, "O Allah's Messenger! Who will refuse? "

    He said, "Whoever obeys me will enter Aj-Jannah, and

    whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)."(21)

    It is reported that Mu'awiyah (RAA) gave a sermon in Humss

    (Syria) and mentioned that the Prophet (SAAW) prohibited

    seven things and that he (SAAW) named Tabar'roj as one of

    them(22). Abdullah bin Mas'oud (RAA) reported that the

    Prophet (SAAW) "used to dislike ten kinds of behavior and he

    (Abdullah) mentioned amongst them: "Tabar'roj by means of

    displaying beautification in an improper place."(23) Imam As-

    Siyouti, may Allah's mercy be upon him said: "Tabar'roj by

    displaying beautification is showing off to strangers and this is

    disliked. This is the explanation of "an improper place." It is

    not so if the beautification is done for the husband.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (21) Saheeh Al-Bukhari (English-Arabic, Dar Al-Arabia, Publ. Beirut,

    Lebanon), V.9, hadeeth # 384, p.284

    (22) Related by Imam Ahmed in his Mussnad 4/101-Arabic.

    (23) Related by An-Nissa'ee in his " Sunan "Arabic 8/141.

    (2) TABAR'ROJ IS A GRAVE DESTRUCTIVE SIN

    Umay'mah, the daughter of Ruqay'ah came to the Messenger

    of Allah to acknowledge the message of Islam and that he

    (SAAW) is the Messenger of Allah (SW). The Prophet

    (SAAW) told her: "I give my acknowledgment that you must

    not set partners to worship besides Allah and that you don't

    steal or commit fornication and adultery, that you don't kill

    your child, that you don't commit any falsehood before your

    hands and between your legs, that you don't wail, and that

    you don't make Tabar'roj like that of Jahilyeeyah(24). It is clear

    that the Prophet (SAAW) associated Tabar'roj with grave

    destructive sins.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (24) Related by Imam Ahmed in his "Mussnad" 2/196. The scholar Ahmed

    Shaker, may Allah's Mercy be upon him, said : " Its chain of narration is

    good". He also said that Ibin Khatheer in his "Tafseer :Explanation of the

    Qur'an 8: 327-328" mentioned this hadeeth saying, "its chain of narration

    is good" and he related it to At-Tirmidhi, An-Nissa'ee and Ibin Majah.

    (3)TABAR'ROJ BRINGS THE CURSE AND EXPULSION

    FROM THE MERCY OF ALLAH.

    The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "سيَكُونُ في آخِر أُمَّتي نساءٌ كاسِياتٌ عارياتٌ، على رُؤوسِهِنَّ كأسنِمَةِ البُختِ،

    إلعَنوهُنّ فإنَّهُنَّ ملعونات"

    "There shall be, in the latter part of my nation, women who

    are dressed but (in fact) naked, on their heads are humps like

    those of Bukht (one kind of camels), curse them for they are

    surely cursed."(25)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (25) At-Tabarani related this hadeeth in "Al-Mu'jam As-Sagheer" p.232 and

    Al-Albani said it Saheeh as in his book "The Hijab" p.56. As-Siyouti

    related on behalf of Ibin Abdul'barr that: "The Prophet (SAAW) intended

    women who put on light clothes that shows off and shapes the body

    descriptions. In reality they are naked although they have clothes on them! ".

    (4)TABAR'ROJ IS AN ATTRIBUTE OF THE PEOPLE OF

    HELL

    The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "صِنفان من أهلِ النَّار لم أرَهُما: قومٌ معَهُم سِياطٌ كأذناب البَقر يضرِبونَ بها

    النَّاس، ونِساءٌ كاسِياتٌ عارِياتٌ، مُميلاتٌ، رُؤوسَهُنَّ كأسنِمَةِ البُختِ المائِلة، لا

    يَدْخُلنِ الجنَّةَ، ولا يَجِدْنَ ريحَها، وإنَّ ريحَها لَيوجَدُ من مَسيرةِ كذا وكذا"

    Of the people of Hell there are two types whom I have never

    seen, the one possessing whips like the tail of an ox and they

    flog people with them. The second one, women who would be

    naked in spite of their being dressed, who are seduced (to

    wrong paths) and seduce others with their hair high like

    humps. These women would not get into Aj-Jannah and they

    would not perceive its odor, although its fragrance can be

    perceived from such and such distance.(26)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (26) Saheeh Muslim (English-Arabic, Published by Dar Al-Arabia, Beirut.

    Lebanon) V. 4 hadeeth # 6840 p. 1486.

    (5)TABAR'ROJ IS DARKNESS ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION

    It is related that the Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "مَثَلُ الرَّافِلَةِ في الزَّينَةِ في غيرِ أهلِها، كَمَثَلِ ظُلْمَةٍ يوم القيامة، لا نور لها"

    The parable of a woman who moves with slow sweeping

    motion, trailing her beautified clothes, performing not for her

    husband, is like darkness on the Day of Judgment; she has (or

    comes with) no light,"(27)

    "خَيْرُ نِسائِكُم الوَدود، الوَلُود، المُواتِية، المُواسية، إذا اتَّقيْنَ الله، وشَرّ نِسائِكُم

    المُتَبَرَّجات المًتَخَيَّلات، وهُنَّ المُنافِقات، لا يَدخُلِ الجنَّةَ مِنْهُنَّ إلاَّ مِثلُ الغُرابِ

    الأعصَم"

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (27) Related by Imam At-Tirmidhi in his "Sunan" # 1167. Al-Albani said it

    is a weak hadeeth (See Al-Albani's collection "Ad-Da'eefah" (Collection

    of Weak Hadeeths) # 1800. Abu Bakr Bin Arabi, may Allah's Mercy be

    upon him, said: "At-Tirmidhi related this hadeeth and said it is weak but

    its meaning is correct because the "enjoyment" in disobedience is in fact

    torture and suffering……". The meaning indicates that this type of

    women will come on the Day of Judgment Blackened in darkness as if

    she physically originated from darkness. In contrast, what appears to be

    difficult and painful in performance of obedient acts, is a true enjoyment

    because of the reward awaiting those who obey Allah and His Messenger

    e.g. the odor of the mouth of a fasting Muslim may not be pleasant in

    this world. To Allah, however, it is better than the odor of Musk because

    the Muslim had obeyed Allah and performed what is due upon him from

    fasting. Similarly the woman wearing her Hijab may be looked upon as

    "reactionary, old fashioned, a walking tent! etc." She is the winner on the

    Day of Judgment and those who mock her put themselves on a dangerous

    road. They may be subjected to the wrath of Allah.

    (6)TABAR'ROJ IS NIFAQ (HYPOCRISY)

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "The best of your women is the affectionate , the fertile (in

    productivity), the propitious (favorable), the consultative if

    they fear Allah. the Most evil of your women are the

    Mutabar'rijat (those who do Tabar'roj), the Mutakhayelat

    (who strut/swagger), and they are the hypocrite ones. Those

    who enter Aj-Jannah are like the Cough Crow."(28) The Cough

    Crow has a red beak and red legs. This is an expression of

    metonymy indicating that few women enter Heaven because

    this kind of crow is rare.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (28) Reported by Al-Baihaqi in "As-Sunan" V.7 p.82. Also reported by

    Abu Na'eem in "Al-Hiliyah" V. 8, p. 376 with a reference to Abdullah

    bin Masoud (RAA) as the narrator. See also Al-Albani's "Chain of

    Authentic Hadeeths - Arabic" # 1849 and 632.

    (7) TABAR'ROJ IS DISGRACEFUL

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "أَيُّمَا امرأةٍ وَضَعَت ثِيابَها في غيرِ بيتِ زَوجِها، فقد هتَكَت سِترَ ما بينها وبين الله عزَّ وجَلَّ"

    "Any woman who takes off her clothes in other than her

    husbands home (to show off for an unlawful purpose), has

    broken the shield between her and Allah."(29) Imam Al-

    Man'nawi, may Allah have Mercy upon him, said: "the saying

    of the Prophet (SAAW) ' any woman who takes off her clothes

    in other than her husbands home' means showing off her

    beauty to strangers by taking off her shield of clothes. She

    "has broken the shield between her and Allah" because Allah

    had said:

    } ‏ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ قَدْ أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمْ لِبَاسًا يُوَارِي

    سَوْآتِكُمْ وَرِيشًا وَلِبَاسُ التَّقْوَى ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ ‏‏{

    الآية [الأعراف،26]

    "O children of Adam! We have

    bestowed raiment upon 'you to cover

    yourselves (screen your private parts

    etc.) and as an adornment. But the

    raiment of righteousness, that is

    better."(Qur'an 7:26)

    So if a woman does not fear Allah and uncover her private

    parts then she is breaking the shield between her and Allah,

    Most High. And because she uncovered and dishonored

    herself and committed a treason with her husband, Allah will

    uncover her shield, she will be in a scandal... "

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (29) Related by Imam Ahmed and Al-Hakim in his "Mustadrek" (Arabic)

    V.4, p.288 who said it is Saheeh (authentic) according to the conditions

    of Muslim and Al-Bukhari, and Ad-Dahabi agreed as well as Ibin Majah.

    (8) TABAR'ROJ IS AN UNCHASTE AND DISGRACEFUL SIN

    The woman is A'wrah, All of her body is not to be shown(30)

    To wear the clothes that show off and shapes her body

    features is disgraceful and Allah (SW) orders His slaves to

    stay away from disgraceful sins:

    } ‏ وَإِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً قَالُوا وَجَدْنَا عَلَيْهَا آبَاءَنَا وَاللَّهُ

    أَمَرَنَا بِهَا قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ أَتَقُولُونَ عَلَى

    اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ‏‏{ [الأعراف،28]

    "When they commit a Fahisha (evil

    deed, going round the Ka'ba in naked

    state as in the times of Jahilyeeyah,

    every kind of unlawful sexual

    intercourse etc.), they say: 'We found

    our fathers doing it and Allah has

    commanded us of it.' Say: "Nay, Allah

    never commands of Fahisha. Do you

    say of Allah what you know not?"

    (Qur'an 7:28)

    It is Shaytan (Satan) who orders such disgraceful sins. Allah

    (SW) says:

    } ‏ الشَّيْطَانُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُمْ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ ‏‏{

    الآية [البقرة، 268]

    "Shaytan threatens you with poverty

    and orders you to commit sins. "(Qur'an 2: 268)

    The Mutabar'rigah is a sinful virus that spreads disgraceful

    sins amongst the Muslim society. Allah, the Most High, says:

    } ‏ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَن تَشِيعَ الفَاحِشَةُ فِي الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا

    لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتُمْ

    لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ ‏‏{ [النور،19]

    "Verily, those who like, that (the crime

    of) illegal sexual intercourse should be

    propagated among those who believe,

    they will have a painful torment in this

    world and in the Hereafter. And Allah

    knows and you know not." (Qur'an 24:19)

    Tabar'roj is a leading cause for the spread of Zina (illegal

    sexual intercourse).

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (30) See footnote # 7.

    (9) TABAR'ROJ IS A SATANIC WAY

    The story of Adam and his wife demonstrates how the enemy

    of Allah, Satan, was so covetous to incite them to show their

    private parts in order to spread evil and disgraceful sins. It

    also shows that the Tabar'roj of women is a primary goal for

    Shaytan to achieve. Allah (SW) says:

    } ‏ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ قَدْ أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمْ لِبَاسًا يُوَارِي

    سَوْآتِكُمْ وَرِيشًا وَلِبَاسُ التَّقْوَى ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ ‏‏{ الآية [الأعراف،26]

    "O children of Adam! We have

    bestowed raiment upon you to cover

    yourselves (screen your private parts

    etc.) and as an adornment. But the

    raiment of righteousness, that is

    better." (Qur'an 7:26)

    It is clear that Satan is the one who established the call for

    Tabar'roj and show off and that he is the leader of those "

    leaders " who call for the "liberation of women". Satan is the

    "Imam" of everyone who obeys and follows him in

    disobedience to Allah (The Most Merciful), especially those

    Mutabar'rijat who harm the Muslims and deceive their youth.

    The Prophet ( SAAW) said:

    ما تَرَكْتً بَعدي فتنةً هيَ أضَرُ على الرجالِ من النِساء""

    "I have not left after me any (chance) of turmoil more harmful

    to men than the harm done to the men because of women.(31)

    Adam forgot, made a mistake, repented and asked forgiveness

    from Allah and Allah the Oft-Forgiving accepted Adam's

    repentance. The struggle between Adam's off-springs and

    Shaytan continues. The devil still whispers to drive us , men

    and women, to disobey Allah and follow sin. There is no

    safeguard except in the return to Allah in good faith and

    repentance, remembering Allah, asking His help to overcome

    lust and desire.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (31) Saheeh Muslim (English translation; published by Dar Al-Arabia) V. 4, hadeeth # 6603, p. 1431

    (10) TABAR'ROJ IS THE WAY OF JEWS

    Jews have an important role in the destruction of nations

    through the Fitna. (seduction/temptation) of women. The

    spread of Tabar'roj is an effective weapon of their widespread

    establishments. They have an extensive experience in this

    field. One should look around only to see who runs Hollywood

    and famous Houses of "Fashions" and "Magazines" as well as

    the world of advertisement!. R-rated, X-rated movies and

    clothes are widespread. In fact the Prophet ( SAAW) said:

    "فاتَّقُوا الُدنيا، واتَّقوا النساء، فإنَّ أولَ فتنةِ بني إسرائيل كانت في النساء"

    "Watch out for this worldly life (safeguard yourselves from

    its temptations); avoid the allurement of women: verily, the

    first trial for the people of Israel was caused by women.(32)

    Their Books also testify to this fact. In the Third Chapter of

    Isaiah ( 16, 17):

    "The Lord said: "Because the daughters of Zion are haughty

    and walk with necks outstretched ogling and mincing as they

    go, their anklets tinkling with every step. The Lord shall cover

    the scalps of Zion's daughters with scabs, and the Lord shall

    bare their heads." Furthermore, "On that day the Lord will do

    away with the finery of the anklets, sunbursts, and crescents;

    the pendants, bracelets, and veils; the headdresses, bangles,

    cinctures, perfume boxes, and amulets; the signet rings, and

    the rose rings; the court dresses, wraps, cloaks, and purses; the

    mirrors,.." (Isaiah, 3, 18-23; The New American Bible).

    Although the Prophet (SAAW) warned against mimicking the

    Kuffar (non-believers) and their ways, especially the ways of

    women. Many Muslims do not abide by this warning(33). This

    is a testimony for the prophecy of the Prophet (SAAW) who said:

    "لتَتَّبِعَنَّ سَنَنَ من كانَ قبلَكُم شبراً بِشبر وذراعاً بذراع، حتَّى لو دَخَلُوا جُحرَ ضَبٍ

    لتَبعتُموهُم، قيل: اليهود والنصارى؟ قال: فمن؟"

    "You would tread the same path as was trodden by those

    before you inch by inch and step by step so that if they had

    entered into the hole of a Dhab (a desert lizard), you would

    follow them in this also. We said: Allah's Messenger, do you

    mean Jews and Christians (by your words)" those before

    you"? he said: Who else (than those two religious groups).(34)

    The similarity of those women who disobey Allah and his

    Messenger to the Jews is very evident because their response

    to Allah's commands was similar to that of the Jews:

    } ‏ قالوا سَمِعنا وَعَصَينا ‏‏{ الآية [البقرة،93]

    "We have heard and disobeyed"

    (Qur'an 2: 93)

    This is unlike the response of the believing women:

    } ‏ وقالوا سَمِعنا وَأطَعنا ‏‏{ الآية [البقرة، 285]

    "We hear and we obey." (Qur'an 2: 285)

    They remember the saying of Allah:

    } ‏ ‏وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَى

    وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّى وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ

    وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا ‏‏{ [النساء، 115]

    "And whoever contradicts and opposes

    the Messenger (Muhammad-SAAW)

    after the right path has been shown

    clearly to him, and follows other than

    the believers' way, We shall keep him

    in the path he has chosen and burn

    him in Hell; what an evil destination!"

    (Qur'an 4: 115)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (32) Ibid, footnote # 31; Hadeeth # 6606, p.1432

    (33) It is sad to see many who dislike the Kuffar in certain ways imitate

    them in their ways of living thinking that their materialistic progress

    could not be achieved except in acting, dressing, eating, jogging,

    sleeping ..like them. The true Muslim, however, remembers that any

    progress must meet the purpose for our presence on earth: all action must

    be related to the worship of Allah. The Kuffar have taken some of the

    means which Allah had created and used it for worldly gains. We are

    ordered to make the means adhere to the purpose of our creation: the

    worship of Allah Alone and thus uses the means to defend Islam and

    Muslims and secure the needs of life as well. Why should some of us

    dress the way Allah ordered and some does not? Should we choose

    Allah's way or the Kuffar way? All the success is measured by one

    criterion: does it meet the pleasure of Allah or not?

    (34) A famous and Saheeh hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhari, Muslim and

    others. The text here is as reported in Saheeh Muslim V. 4, hadeeth #

    6448, p.1403

    (11)TABAR'ROJ IS A FILTHY

    JAHILYEEYAH (IGNORANCE)

    Allah (SW) says:

    } ‏ وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ

    الْأُولَى‏‏{ [الأحزاب،33]

    "And stay in your houses and do not

    display yourselves like that of the times

    of ignorance" (Qur'an 33:33)

    The Prophet (SAAW) described the times of ignorance as

    filthy and wicked and ordered us to reject it. Allah (SW)

    described the Prophet (SAAW) as :

    } ‏ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الخَبَائِثَ ‏‏{

    الآية [الأعراف،157]

    "He allows them as lawful At-Tayyibat

    (all i.e. good and lawful as regards

    things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods,

    etc.), and prohibits them as unlawful

    Al-Khaba'ith (all i.e. evil and unlawful

    as regard things, deeds, beliefs,

    persons, foods, etc.)" (Qur'an 7: 157)

    The call to bring about the times of Jahilyeeyah is similar to

    the call for Tabar'roj, both of which are wicked ways that the

    Messenger (SAAW) made unlawful. He (SAAW) said:

    "كُلٌّ شيءٍ من أمر الجاهلِيَّةِ موضُوعٌ تحتَ قَدَمَيَّ"

    "Verily! every matter of Jahilyeeyah is under my feet!"(35)

    Tabar'roj and all forms of Jahilyeeyah such as false pride and

    haughtiness, ill thoughts about Allah, call for falsehood,

    setting up rivals with Allah, ruling by other than the laws of

    Islam, usury, etc., are all included.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (35) Related by Abu Dawoud, At-Tirmidhi, Ibin Majah, and Ad-Darime'i

    and Imam Ahmed.

    (12)TABAR'ROJ IS AN ANIMAL ACT, RETARDATION

    (DECADENCE) AND DECLINE

    To reveal and expose are natural behaviors of animals.

    Whenever man inclines towards such behaviors he starts his

    decline to a level lower than the level of manhood which Allah

    had bestowed upon him. Allah bestowed a natural inclination

    (Fitrah) towards covering, preservation, and safeguarding

    modesty. To consider the acts of display, exposition, and

    uncovering as acts of beauty reflects a corruption to the Fitrah

    and a degeneration in taste and a sign of decadence and

    decline.

    The progress of man's civility is linked to his/her covering of

    the body. The Hijab cover is fitting to the instinct of Gheerah

    which draws its strength from the soul. The so called

    "liberation from the chains of covering" is an instinct that

    draws its strength from lust which incites Tabar'roj and

    mixing of the sexes. The one who is satisfied with this latter

    instinct must sacrifice the first one in order to silence the

    voice of the innate Gheerah in his heart in return for the

    "enjoyment" of Tabar'roj and mixing. From this we

    understand that the Tabar'roj is a sign of corruption of Fitrah,

    lack of bashfulness, Gheerah, and insensitivity.

    (13) TABAR'ROG IS A DOOR TO WIDESPREAD EVIL

    Anyone who carefully examines the Islamic Texts (Qur'an and

    Sunnah) and the lessons of history, becomes convinced about

    the evils of Tabar'roj and its harm, both on religious and

    worldly matters especially when it is associated with the

    mixing of sexes. Some of its underlying consequences are:

    ﷺ‬ The Competition Amongst the Displaying Women in

    Showing Off Their Beauty{tc \l 3 "A \:) The Competition

    Amongst the Displaying Women in Showing Off Their

    Beauty"}. This is seduction, and it leads to the spoiling of

    morality and leaves women as merchandise articles exhibited

    for anyone to look at.

    ﷺ‬ The Corruption of the Morality of Men, Especially

    the Youth and Those in Adolescence. It pushes them to

    commit various kinds of sins(36).

    ﷺ‬ The Destruction of Family Ties and Causing a Lack

    of Trust Between Family Members and the Spread of

    Divorce.

    ﷺ‬ The Commercial Abuse of Women In The World of

    Advertisement, Entertainment And Other Areas As Well.

    ﷺ‬ Doing Harm to Women by Declaring Their Ill

    Intentions and Evil Conscience Thus Rendering Her

    Venerable To Harm By The Wicked And The Insolent.

    ﷺ‬ The Spread of Diseases.

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "لم تظهَرِ الفاحِشَةُ في قومٍ قط حتى يُعلنوا بها إلاَّ فشا فيهُم الطاعُون والأوجاع التي

    لم تَكُن في أسلافِهِم الذين مَضَوْا"

    "Sins didn't spread in any particular nation until they openly

    conduct it and as a result, plague and other illnesses that

    were not present among their predecessors became

    widespread amongst them."(37)

    ﷺ‬ Facilitates The Sin of Zina (Fornication) By The Eye.

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "العَيْنانِ زِناهُما النَّظَر"

    "The adultery of the eyes is the lustful look. ."(38)

    ﷺ‬ Tabar'roj Makes it Difficult to Lower The Gaze.

    ﷺ‬ Justifiably Brings Down Allah's Punishment

    The punishment of Allah is more severe than atomic bombs

    and earthquakes. Allah (SW) says:

    } ‏ وَإِذَا أَرَدْنَا أَنْ نُهْلِكَ قَرْيَةً أَمَرْنَا مُتْرَفِيهَا فَفَسَقُوا

    فِيهَا فَحَقَّ عَلَيْهَا الْقَوْلُ فَدَمَّرْنَاهَا تَدْمِيرًا ‏‏{ [الإسراء،16]

    "And when We(39) decide to destroy a

    town (population), We (first) send a

    definite order (to obey Allah and be

    righteous) to those among them [or We

    (first) increase in number those of its

    Population] who are given the good

    things in this life. Then, they transgress

    therein, and thus the word (of torment)

    is justified against it (them). Then We

    destroy it with complete destruction."

    (Qur'an 17: 16)

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "إنَّ النَّاسَ إذا رأوا المًنكَرَ فَلَم يُغيَّروهً أوشك أن يَعُمَّهُم الله بِعَذاب"

    "When people see wrong (or evil) and they don't change it,

    then it is imminent that the punishment of Allah will fall upon

    them.(40)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (36) You may have seen teen-age kids on the corners of many streets in

    Europe and in North America rooming around, smoking to get high, half

    naked, and on drugs looking to engage in sex. Why? What happened?

    Many try to hide from the hard facts! The drive for lust and materialistic

    life became the "god" of the new generations: the Pepsi-Michael-MTV-

    Jackson generations. The result: AIDS and other sexually transmitted

    diseases.

    (37) Part of a lengthy hadeeth related by Ibin Majah, Abu Na'eem, and Al-

    Hakim who said: "it has a good chain of narrators". Ad-Dahabi agreed to

    Al-Hakim's report.

    (38) Saheeh Muslim V.4, hadeeth # 6421 p. 1397

    (39) Plural Pronoun: Is used to stress the Greatness and Power of Allah

    Who is One. It is common with Semitic languages for any Monarch to

    use Plural Pronoun. It is also used by members of the Royal Family in

    England. To Allah, however, belong the Highest and most Perfect

    Example.

    (40) Related by Abu Dawoud, At-Tirmidhi, Ibin Majah and lmam Ahmed.

    THE OBLIGATORY CONDITIONS FOR AN ISLAMIC HIJAB

    (1) COVERING ALL OF THE BODY

    This respected author is in agreement with the position that

    the face and hands of the woman must be covered as he has

    detailed this in discussions of the Hijab issues in his book:

    "The Return of the Hijab, Part 3". Some scholars say it is

    permissible to uncover the face and the hands of the woman as

    long as there is no fitna (infatuation) caused by her or inflicted

    upon her. They see that if: a) she is beautiful and beautifies

    her face and hands with external substances, and b) the

    society around her is corrupt where men do not lower their

    gaze, then it is prohibited for her to uncover her face and hands.

    (2) THE HIJAB MUST NOT BE A DISPLAY

    The Hijab itself must not be a display. Allah ordained it so as

    to cover the beauty of women and not for show off. He (SW)

    says:

    } ‏ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ‏‏{ الآية [النور،31]

    "And not to show of their adornment

    except only that which is apparent."

    (Qur'an 24: 31)

    } ‏ وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى ‏‏{ [الأحزاب،33]

    "And stay in your houses and do not

    display yourselves like that of the times

    of ignorance." (Qur'an 33:33)

    It is not logical that the Hijab itself be a source of display.(41)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (41) Some women put on attractive covers on their heads. This is against

    the purity of the Hijab and its essence.

    (3) THE HIJAB MUST NOT BE TRANSPARENT

    The purpose must be achieved. In order for the Hijab to be a

    cover, it must not be made of transparent material making the

    woman covered only by name(!)while in reality she is naked.

    The Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "سيَكُونُ في آخِر أُمَّتي نساءٌ كاسِياتٌ عارياتٌ، على رُؤوسِهِنَّ كأسنِمَةِ البُختِ،

    إلعَنوهُنّ فإنَّهُنَّ ملعُونات"

    "In the latest part of my Omaha (nation of Muslims) there

    shall be women who would be naked in spite of being dressed,

    they have hair high like the humps of the Bukht camel, curse

    them, for they are cursed"(42). He (SAAW ) added in another

    hadeeth:

    " لا يَدْخُلْنَ الجنَّةَ، ولا يَجِدْنَ ريحَها، وإنَّ ريحَها لَيُوجَدُ من مَسيرةِ كَذا وكَذا"

    "They will not enter Aj-Jannah and would not perceive its

    odor, although its fragrance can be perceived from such and

    such distance.(43)

    This indicates that a woman could cause herself a grave and

    destructive sin if she puts on a garment that is thin and

    transparent and which clearly shapes her body's features.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (42) At-Tabarani reported it and Al-Albani in his book "Al-Hijab" said it is

    authentic.

    (42) see footnote # 25

    (4)HIJAB MUST BE ROOMY, FLOWING AND NOT TIGHT

    The Hijab is a safeguard against Fitna. If tight, it will be

    descriptive of the woman's body and this violates the purpose

    of Hijab. Usamma Bin Zaid (RAA) said:

    "كَساني رسولً الله- صلى الله عليه وسلَّم- قُبطِيَّة كَثيفة مما أهداهَا له دِحية

    الكَلبي، فكَسَوتُها امرأتي، فقال "مالكَ لم تَلبِس القُبطيَّة؟" قلت: كَسَوتُها امرأتي،

    فقال: "مُرها فلَتجعَل تَحتَها غُلالة وهي شِعارٌ يُلبِس تحتَ الثوب فإني أخاف أن

    تَصِفَ حجمَ عِظامها"

    "The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) dressed me with a thick

    Qubtyeeyah (cotton dress from Egypt) which was a gift that

    he received from Duhia Al-Kalbi. So I gave it to my wife to

    wear. He (SAAW) said : "What made you not to wear the

    فقال: "مُرها فلَتجعَل تَحتَها غُلالة وهي شِعارٌ يُلبِس تحتَ الثوب فإني أخاف أن

    تَصِفَ حجمَ عِظامها"

    "The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) dressed me with a thick

    Qubtyeeyah (cotton dress from Egypt) which was a gift that

    he received from Duhia Al-Kalbi. So I gave it to my wife to

    wear. He (SAAW) said : "What made you not to wear the

    Qubtyeeyah?" I said: "I dressed my wife with it. " He (SAAW)

    said: " Order her to put an undergarment (or gown) under it,

    because I am afraid it may describe the size of her bones.(44)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (44) Reported by Ad'Diya' Al-Maqdissi, Imam Ahmed, At-Tabarani, Al-

    Baihaqi, and Ibin Sa'd. It is also reported that Al-Haithami said:

    "amongst the chain of narrators is Abdullah Ibin Aqeel whose narrations

    are good; yet according to some scholars there is Da'ff (weakness)

    associated with him, and that the rest of narrators are Thuqat (men of

    confidence regarding reporting). Ad-Dahabi said: " the level of Abdullah

    Ibin Aqeel's narration is not below the rating of "good" (In Meezan Al-

    I'tidal: Measure of Balanced (verifications); Arabic).

    (5)THE HIJAB MUST NOT BE PERFUMED WITH INCENSE

    The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "إيما امرأةٌ استَعطَرَت، فَمرَّت على قَومٍ لِيَجِدوا ريحها، فهي زانية"

    "Any woman who perfumes herself and passes by some people

    that they smell her scent, then she is a Zaniyah

    (prostitute).(45)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (45) Related by Imam Ahmed, An-Nissa'ee, and Al-Hakim who said: "it has

    an authentic chain of narration" and Ad-Dahabi agreed.

    (6)THE HIJAB SHOULD NOT RESEMBLE MEN'S

    DRESS

    The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "ليسَ مِنَّا من تَشَبَّهَ بالرَّجالِ منَ النَّساءِ، ولا مَن تَشَبَّهَ بالنَّساءِ من الرَّجالِ"

    "Women who assume the manners of men are not from us and

    also those of men who assume the manners of women.(46)

    Abu-Huraira (RAA) narrated that:

    "لَعَنَ رسولً الله-صلى الله عليهِ وسلَّم-الرجل يلبس لبسة المرأة والمرأة تَلبَسُ لبسَة

    الرجل..."

    "The prophet (SAAW) cursed the man who wears the dress of

    a woman and the woman who wears the dress of a man."(47)

    knowingly condones and facilitates the Zina for his wife."(48)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (46) Reported by Imam Ahmed and Abu Na'eem. Al-Albani authenticated

    it in his book "Al-Hijab" (PP 66-67).

    (47) Related by Abu Dawoud, Ibin Majah, Al-Hakim, and Imam Ahmed.

    Al-Hakim said:" it is an authentic hadeeth in accordance with the

    conditions of (Imam) Muslim," and Ad-Dahabi agreed. It was also

    authenticated by Imam Al-Nawawee.

    (48) Related by An-Nissa'ee, Imam Ahmed, Ibin Khuzayemah, Ibin

    Hab'ban and authenticated by the scholar Ahmed Shakir.

    (7) THE HIJAB MUST NOT RESEMBLE

    THE GARMENTS OF THE KUFFAR

    The Messenger of Allah (SAAW) said:

    "من تَشَبَّه بِقَومٍ فَهُوَ مِنهُم"

    "The one who takes the similitude (manner) of a certain

    people becomes one of them.(49)

    Abdullah bin Ummar (RAA) said:

    "وعن عبد الله بن عمرو- رضي الله عنهما قال: "رأى رسول الله- صلى الله عليه

    وسلم- عَليَّ ثوبيَّنِ مُعَصفَرَيْن، فقال: "إنَّ هذه من ثياب الكُفار، فلا تلبسها"

    "The Prophet (SAAW) saw me wearing two clothes dyed in

    saffron, whereupon he said: these are the clothes (usually

    worn) by the Kuffar, so do not wear them."(50)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (49) Related by Abu Dawoud, Ahmed (as part of a another hadeeth), Ibin

    Taymeeyah said that the hadeeth has a good chain of narration (i.e. that

    reported by Abu Dawoud) and that it is a "good hadeeth"; As-Siyouti

    said :"it is "Hassan: Good" and Ibin Hag'er reported it in "Fath Al-Bari"

    and supported it with another evidence (a Murssal) with a good chain of

    narration.

    (50) Saheeh Muslim, V. 3, hadeeth # 5173

    (8) THE HIJAB IS NOT FOR FAME!

    The Messenger (SAAW) said:

    "من لَبِسَ ثَوبَ شُهرةٍ في الدُّنيا ألبَسَهُ اللهُ ثوبَ مَذَلَّةٍ يَومَ القيامة، ثُمَّ ألهَبَ فيهِ ناراً"

    "The one who wears a garment designed for a worldly fame,

    Allah will make him wear a garment of humility on the Day of

    Resurrection then he will be set ablaze."(51)

    The garment of fame is any garment a person wears to make

    him/her look famous. This applies whether the garment is

    highly precious and shows admiration to the life of this world

    or if it is chosen of a low quality to show lack of interest to

    this worldly life. The person may put on clothes with distinct

    colors so as to draw attention, act proudly and/or arrogantly.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (51) Related by Abu Dawoud, Ibin Majah, and Al-Munthari said that it is

    hassan (good) as well as Ibin Muflih. Imam As-Shawkani said: "The

    narrators of the chain are Thuqat" and Al-Alabni reported in his book

    "Al-Hijab" p. 110 that it is hassan .

    (9) WATCH FOR "CONCEALED" WAYS OF DISPLAY

    Examining the various conditions about the Hijab one can

    clearly recognize that many of the young Muslim women are

    not fulfilling these conditions. They consider what they put on

    now. wrongly as "Hijab"

    The enemies of the Islamic revival wanted to destroy it in its

    infancy by oppression and cruelty. Allah (SW) defeated their

    plots and held the believing men and women steadfast in their

    obedience of Him (SW). The enemies of Islam realized that

    they should deal with the Islamic revival in a wicked way in

    order to sway this revival away from its course towards Allah.

    They started to spread innovated forms of "Hijab" as a "mid-

    way" solution by which the Muslim woman can "please"

    Allah (they claim so!) and at the same time "accommodate"

    her society and preserve her "beauty" and "glamour".

    The modern "boutique" stores were declining in their trade

    due to the widespread use of the true Islamic Hijab. Suddenly,

    the markets were flooded with altered forms of Tabar'roj

    under the name 'modern/contemporary Hijab'. In the

    beginning this was protested and women were cautious. A

    group of "displaying women" who were embarrassed with the

    Islamic Hijab rushed towards the "contemporary Hijab" to

    "relief' themselves from the pressing social realities caused

    by the spread of Hijab. With time the phenomenon of

    "concealed display" became widespread and known as

    "contemporary Hijab". Women friendly to this course think

    they are the best of girls and best of wives while in fact they

    are as one poet said:

    If they relate to the Hijab-

    It is the relation of an intruder

    So! O women of this kind be mindful to Allah (SW) and His

    Messenger (SAAW) and do not be deceived by those who

    may "bless" this action of yours and conceal their true

    intentions. Do not be deceived and let your response be: " I

    am better than those who are in a complete state of

    display!" There is no excuse to follow the evil. Know that the

    fire of Hell has different lower levels while Paradise has

    different higher levels. So it is proper to follow your sisters

    who truly adhere to the Islamic Hijab and its conditions. Aim

    high towards the highest levels of Aj-Jannah. It has been

    related that the Prophet (SAAW) said:

    "انظُرُوا إلى من هُو أسفلَ مِنْكُم في الدُّنيا، وفَوْقَكُم في الدَّين، فذلكَ أجدر أن لا

    تَزدَروا- أي تَحتَقِروا- نعمةَ اللهِ عَلَيكُم"

    "Look at those who stand at lower levels than you (regarding

    worldly wealth) and those who stand at higher levels than you

    in religion (adherence to faith). for this would not make the

    favors (conferred upon you by Allah) insignificant (in your

    eyes)."(52) Az-Zohri reported(53) that Ummar Ibin Al-Khatab

    (RAA) recited the saying of Allah (SW):

    وتَلا عمر بن الخطاب- رضي الله عنه- قوله عزَّ وجَلَّ:

    } ‏ ‏إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ

    الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي

    كُنْتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ ‏‏{ [فُصَّلَت،30]

    "Verily those who say: "Our Lord is

    Allah (Alone), and then they stood

    straight (i.e. they believed in the

    Oneness of Allah and worshipped none

    but Him (Alone) and obeyed Him for

    all that He ordered them) on them the

    angels will descend (at the time of their

    death) (saying ); "Fear you not, nor

    grieve! But receive the glad tidings of

    Aj-Jannah which you have been

    Promised!) (Qur'an 41:30).

    He then said: فقال:

    "استقاموا واللهِ للهِ بطاعَتِهِ، ولَم يُرَوغوا رَوَغانَ الثَّعالِب"

    " They, by Allah. followed the straight path of Allah by

    obeying Him and did not dodge like wolves."

    Al-Hassan Al Basri, may Allah's Mercy be upon him, said: " If

    Shaytan (Devil) looks and finds you continuously adhering to

    the obedience of Allah he will seek you (i.e. check you) one

    time after the other. If he finds that you are still holding, he

    becomes weary of you and rejects you. But if you adhere one

    time and you do not another, then he becomes covetous:

    he wants to have you for himself."(54)

    So come on to a straight path that has no crookedness and a

    guidance that has no misleading ways in it, and to an honest

    repentance that has no disobedience in it:

    } ‏ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ

    تُفْلِحُونَ‏‏ ‏‏{ الآية [النور،31]

    "And turn you all together to Allah

    (and beg Him) to forgive you all, O

    believers, that you may be successful."

    (Qur'an 24:31)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (52) The origin of this hadeeth was reported in Saheeh Al-Bukhari in the

    Book of Riqaq and Muslim in the Book of Az-Zuhd V.4, hadeeth #

    7070, P 1530, and At-Tirmidhi in the Book of Qiyamah.

    (53) Reported by Imam Ahmed and Ibin Al-Mubarak. Imam Ahmed

    reported it in the Book of Az-Zuhd p. 115 and 110, respectively.

    (54) Reported by Ibin Al-Mubarak in his book "Az-Zuhd" p. 7 # 20

    O! WE HEAR AND WE OBEY

    THE HONEST MUSLIM receives the order of Allah (SW)

    and hastens to manifest his love to Islam into action and

    listens to and obeys the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAAW). He

    does not give attention to the lost and misleading ways of the

    masses of human beings who do not realize their awaiting

    destiny. Allah (SW) negated the existence of belief in those

    who turn away from Him and from His Messenger (SAAW)

    saying:

    } ‏ويَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالرَّسُولِ وَأَطَعْنَا ثُمَّ يَتَوَلَّى

    فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَلِكَ وَمَا أُولَئِكَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَإِذَا

    دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ

    مُعْرِضُونَ‏‏ ‏‏{ [النور،47- 48]

    "They (hypocrites) say: "We have

    believed in Allah and in the Messenger

    (Muhammad-SAAW), and we obey",

    then a party of them turn away

    thereafter, such are not believers. And

    when they are called to Allah (i.e. His

    Words-the Qur'an) and His Messenger

    to judge between them, lo! a party of

    them refuse to come and turn away."

    (Qur'an 24: 47-48 )

    On the other hand:

    } ‏إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوْلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ

    لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَنْ يَقُولُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ‏‏{ [النور،51]

    "The saying of the faithful believers

    when they are called to Allah (His

    Words-the Qur'an) and His Messenger

    (SAAW) to judge between them is only

    that they say: 'We hear and we obey.'

    And such are the successful (who will

    live for ever in Aj-Jannah)." (Qur'an 24: 51-52)

    Safyeeyah, the daughter of Shayebah, said:

    عن صفية بنت شيبة قالت:

    بينما نَحْنُ عِندَ عائِشة رضي الله عنها قالت: فّذكَرتْ نِساءَ قُريش وفَضلِهِنَّ،

    فقالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: "إنَّ لِنساءِ قُريش لَفضلاً، وإنَّي والله ما رأيتُ

    أفضل من نساء الأنصار أشدَّ تصديقاً لِكتابِ اللهِ، ولا إيماناً بالتنزيل، لقد أنزِلَت

    سورة النور:} ‏ ولِيَضْرِبنَ بِخُمرِهِنَّ... ‏‏{ الآية، فانقلب رجالُهُنَّ إليهِنَّ يتلونَ عليهِنَّ

    ما أُنزل الله إليهِم فيها، ويتلو الرجل على إمرأته، وابنته، واخته، وعلى كل ذي

    قرابته، فما منهُنَّ إمرأة إلاَّ قامت إلى مِرْطِها المُرَحَّلِ فاعتَجَرَت به- تصديقا وإيماناً بما

    أنزل الله من كتابه، فأصبَحْنَ وراء رسول الله- صلى الله عليه وسلم- معتجرات

    كأنَّ على رُؤوسِهِنَّ الغُربان."

    "While we were at A'isha's (RAA) we mentioned the women of

    Qureish and their good favors, then A'isha said: "indeed the

    women of Qureish have a good favor and by Allah I have not

    seen better than the women of Al-Ansar in their strength of

    acceptance of the Book of Allah and in the belief in the

    Revelation: At the time when Surat An-Nur was sent down

    (and in it Allah says): الآية { ولِيَضْرِبنَ بِخُمرِهِنَّ على جُيوبِهِنَّ }

    "Let them (believing women) draw their veils over Juyubihinna."

    soon their husbands turned to them reciting what Allah had

    sent down to them (i.e. the above Ayah), the man recites to his

    wife, his daughter, his sister and to every female relative. Not

    a single woman of them except that she took up her engraved

    Mirt(55) (wrapper) and covered her head and face in

    acceptance and belief in what Allah had sent down from His

    Book. The next morning they were behind the Prophet

    (SAAW), covered as if black crows were on top of their heads.(56)

    Therefore, there is no choice but to submit the order of Allah

    and no hesitation should exist in following the ruling of Allah.

    So come for repentance, O My Muslim Sister, and watch for

    words like "I will repent, I will pray, I will cover with Hijab",

    because delaying the repentance is a sin that you must repent

    from! Say as Allah (SW) said on the tongue of Mussa (May

    All's peace be upon him) :

    الآية [طه، 84] { وعَجِلتُ إليكَ ربَّ لِتَرضى }

    "I HASTENED TO YOU, O MY LORD,

    TO PLEASE YOU"

    (Qur'an 20:84)

    And say as the believing men and women said:

    الآية [البقرة،258] { سَمِعنا وأطَعنا غُفرانك ربَّنا وإليكَ المَصير }

    "WE HEAR AND WE OBEY. (WE SEEK) YOUR

    FORGIVENESS, OUR LORD, AND TO YOU IS THE

    RETURN" (Qur'an 2: 285)

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (55) With pictures of houses and dwellings.

    (56) Reported in The Tafseer of Al-Qur'an Al-Ath'eem by Ibin Katheer

    (Arabic)5:90

    A VIEW THROUGH HIJAB

    By Sister Khaula(57) From Japan

    10/25/1993

    My Story To Islam

    As most of the Japanese, I'd followed no religion before I

    embraced Islam in France. I was majoring in French Literature

    at the university. My favorite thinkers were Sartre, Nietchze

    and Camas, whose thinking is atheistic. At the same time,

    however, I was very interested in religion, not because of my

    inner necessity but of my love for the truth. What was waiting

    for me after death did not interest me at all; how to live was

    my concern(58). For a long time I had a sort of impression that I

    was not doing what I should do and I was wasting my time.

    Whether God existed or not was the same to me; I just wanted

    to know the truth and choose my way of life-to live with God

    or without God.

    I started to read books on different religions except Islam. I

    had never thought that Islam was a religion worth studying. It

    was for me, at that time, a sort of primitive idolatry of the

    simple mind (how ignorant I was!). I made friends with

    Christians, with whom I studied the Bible, to come to realize a

    few years later the existence of God. But then I had to face a

    dilemma because I could not "feel" God at all, in spite of my

    conviction that he should exist. I tried to pray in church, but in

    vain. I felt nothing but the absence of God.

    I then studied Buddhism, hoping I would be able to feel God

    through Zen or Yoga. I found as many things in Buddhism

    that seemed to be true as I had in Christianity, yet there were

    many things I could not understand or accept. In my opinion,

    If God exists, He should be for everyone(59) and the truth

    should simple and clear to everyone. I could not understand

    why people should abandon ordinary life to devote themselves

    to God.

    I was really at a loss for what to do to reach the end of my

    desperate quest for God. It was then that I met an Algerian

    Muslim. Born and raised in France, he didn't even know how

    to pray and his life was quite far from the ideal of a Muslim;

    nevertheless, he had very strong faith in God. However, his

    belief without knowledge irritated me and made me decide to

    study Islam. To start with, I bought a French translation of the

    Qur'an, but I could not read more than two pages. It seemed so

    strange and boring. I gave up my effort to understand it alone

    and went to the mosque in Paris to ask someone to help me. It

    was a Sunday and there was a lecture for women. The sisters

    welcomed me warmly. It was my first encounter with

    practicing Muslim women. To my surprise, I felt myself very

    much at ease with them, although I'd always felt myself a

    stranger in the company of Christians. I started to attend the

    lecture every weekend and to read a book given to me by one

    of the Muslim women. Every minute of the lecture and every

    page of the book were, for me, a revelation, giving me great

    spiritual satisfaction I've never known before. I had an excited

    feeling that I was being initiated into the truth. What was

    wonderful, Subhaanallah (Praise be to Allaah), was my

    feeling the presence of God very close to me while in the

    posture of Sajdah (prostration).

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (57) Sister Khaula visited the Women's Office of The Islamic Guidance

    Center in Buraidah, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia on 10/25/1993. She shared

    this information with other Muslim Sisters in the Office. 1 found it

    important to share with our Muslim brothers and sisters the Story of

    Khaula's coming to Islam followed by her experience and advice

    concerning the Hijab.

    (58) This is the concern of so many people in the World and especially in

    the West or in countries dominated by Western culture. People become

    "workaholic" to keep up with more and more of what they want to have.

    The secondary things of today are the necessities of tomorrow! The

    Medium way described by the Creator, Allah, is ignored except by the

    few.(Dr.S. As-Saleh)

    (59) Allah is the God of everyone. This thought translates that God must

    be one. There is no nationalistic belonging to God! Being the God of

    everyone, He does not command some people to worship Him alone

    while at the same time makes it permissible for others to set up rivals

    with Him in worship. This means that His worship must be one and that

    it is not up to us to define this type of worship. The way of worship

    belongs to the One and Only One True God, Allah. This constitutes His

    religion and He had named this way: Islam.

    Khula's Story with the Hijab

    "Two years ago when I embraced Islam in France, the polemic

    around the wearing of the hijab at school was very hot. The

    majority of people thought it was against the principle of the

    public school which should keep its neutrality towards the

    religion. I, who was not yet Muslim then, could hardly

    understand why they were worried over such a tiny thing as a

    small scarf put on the head of Muslim students...but,

    apparently, French people who had faced the serious problem

    of the increasing non-employment rate and the insecurity in

    big cities became nervous over the immigration of workers

    from Arab countries. They felt aggrieved by the sight of the

    hijab in their town and in their school.

    In Arab countries, on the other hand, a great wave of coming

    back of the hijab was being observed especially among the

    young generation, against the expectation, shared by some

    Arab people and the most of Western people, of its passing

    away from the scene as Westenerization took root.

    The Islamic revival symbolized by the current resurgence of

    the hijab is often considered as an attempt of Arab Muslims to

    restore their pride and identity which have been repeatedly

    undermined by colonization and economic retardation. For

    Japanese people, the actual adherence of Arab people to Islam

    may seem a kind of conservative traditionalism or anti-

    westernism, which (the) Japanese knew themselves in the

    Meiji era at the first contact with the Western culture, and

    because of which they reacted against the Western life-style

    and the Western way of dressing. Man has always had a

    conservative tendency and reacts against which is new and

    unfamiliar without realizing whether it is good or bad for him.

    Some people still think the Muslim women insist on wearing

    hijab which is the "very symbol of the oppressed situation

    because they are enslaved by the tradition and are not

    sufficiently aware of their lamentable situation. If only, they

    probably think, the movement of the women's liberation and

    independence awakes those women's mind, they will take

    away the hijab."

    Such a naive point of view is shared by the people who have

    little knowledge of Islam. They, who are so accustomed to the

    secularism and the religious eclecticism, are simply unable to

    understand that the teaching of Islam is universal and eternal.

    Anyway, there are more and more women, beyond the Arab

    Nationality, all over the world embracing Islam as the true

    religion and covering the hair. I am but an example of these women.

    The hijab is surely a strange object for non-Muslim people.

    For them, the Hijab does not cover the woman's hair but also

    hides something to which they have no access, and it's why

    they feel uneasy. From the outside, effectively, they can never

    see what is behind the Hijab. I have kept the hijab since I

    became Muslim in Paris two years ago...In France, soon after

    my conversion, I put a scarf, matched in color to the dress,

    lightly on the head, which people might think a sort of

    fashion(60). Now in Saudi Arabia, I cover in black all my body

    from the top of my head till the tip of my toes including my

    eyes...At the time I decided to embrace Islam, I did not think

    seriously about whether I would be able to make the five

    prayers a day or put the hijab. May be I was afraid that I might

    find the negative answer, and that would affect my decisions

    to be Muslim. I had lived in a world which had nothing to do

    with Islam until I visited, for the first time, the Mosque of

    Paris. Neither the prayer nor the hijab were yet very familiar

    to me. I could hardly imagine myself making the prayer and

    wearing the hijab. But my desire to be a Muslim was too

    strong to worry about what was waiting for me after my

    conversion. Indeed, it was a miracle that I embraced Islam,

    Allah Akbar.

    In hijab I felt myself different. I felt myself purified and

    protected. I felt the company of Allah. As a foreigner, I felt

    sometimes uneasy in a public place, stared by men. With

    hijab, I was not seen. I found that the hijab sheltered me from

    such impolite stares. I was also very happy and proud in hijab

    which is not only the sign of my obedience to Allah but also

    the manifestation of my faith...besides, the hijab helps us to

    recognize each other and to share the feeling of sisterhoods.

    The hijab has also the advantage of reminding the people

    around me that God exists and reminding me of being with

    God(61). It tells me: "be careful. You should conduct yourself as

    a Muslim" As a policeman becomes more conscious of his

    profession in his uniform, I had a stronger feeling of being

    Muslim with hijab.

    Soon, I started to put the hijab before my going out from the

    house whenever I went to the Mosque. It was a spontaneous

    and voluntary act and no body forced me to do so.

    Two weeks after my conversion, I went back to Japan to

    attend the wedding ceremony of one of my sisters, and

    decided not to go back to France, Now that I became a

    Muslim and found that I'd been looking for, the French

    literature did not interest me any more. I had rather an

    increasing passion for learning the Arabic(62).

    For me...it was a trial to live in a small town in Japan, isolated

    completely from Muslims, But such isolation helped me to

    intensify my consciousness of being a Muslim. As Islam

    prohibits the women to disclose the body and to wear clothes

    which accentuate the body line, I had to abandon many of my

    clothes such as mini-skirts and half-sleeve blouses. Besides,

    the Western style fashion does not match with the hijab. I

    decided, therefore, to make a dress by myself. I asked a friend

    of mine who knew dress-making to help me, and in two weeks

    I made a dress with a "pantaloon" after the model of a

    "Pakistani dress". I did not mind people looking at my strange

    "fashion".

    Six months had past since I went back to Japan, when my

    desire to study the Arabic and Islam in a Muslim country grew

    so intense that I decided to realize it. I went to Cairo where I

    knew only one person.

    I was at a loss to find none of my host family spoke English.

    To my great surprise, furthermore, the lady who took my hand

    to lead me into the house covered herself all in black from top

    to toe including the face. Such a "fashion" is now familiar to

    me and I adopt it for myself in Riyadh, but at that time, I was

    quite surprised at the sight.

    I attended once in France a big conference for Muslims, and in

    that occasion I saw for the first time a woman in black dress

    with a face-cover. Her presence among the women in colorful

    dress and scarf was very strange and I said myself: " there she

    is, a woman enslaved by the Arabic tradition without knowing

    the real teaching of Islam", because I knew few things of Islam

    at that time and thought the covering of the face was but an

    ethnical tradition not founded in Islam.

    The thought which came to me at the sight of a face-covered

    woman in Cairo was not very far from that. She's

    exaggerating. Its un-natura1...Her attempts to try to avoid any

    contact with men seemed also abnormal.

    The sister in black dress told me that my self-made dress was

    not suitable to go out with. I was not content with her because

    I thought my dress satisfied the conditions of a Muslima's

    dress...I bought a black cloth and made a long dress and a long

    veil called "Khimar" which covers the loins and the whole of

    the arms. I was even ready to cover the face because it seemed

    good "to avoid the dust", but the sister said there was no need.

    I should not put the cover-face for such a reason while these

    sisters put it because they believed it a religious duty.

    Although most of sisters whom I got acquainted with covered

    the face, they constituted but a small minority in the whole

    city of Cairo, and some people apparently got shocked and

    embarrassed at the sight of black Khimar. Indeed the ordinary

    more or less westernized young Egyptians tried to keep a

    distance from those women in Khimar, calling them "the

    sisters". The men also treated them with a certain respect and

    a special politeness on the street or in a bus. Those women

    shared a sisterhood and exchanged the salaam (the Islamic

    greeting) on the street even without knowing each other…

    Before my conversion I preferred an active pants-style to a

    feminine skirt, but the long dress I started to wear in Cairo got

    to please me very soon. It makes me feel very elegant as if I

    had become a princess. I feel more relaxed in long dress than

    in a pantaloon …

    My sisters were really beautiful and bright in their Khimar,

    and a kind of saintliness appeared on their faces...Every

    Muslim devotes his life to God. I wonder why people who say

    nothing about the "veil" of the "Catholic Sisters" criticize the

    veil of the Muslima, considering it as a symbol of "terrorism"

    or "oppression".

    I gave a negative answer when the Egyptian sister told me to

    wear like this even after my return to Japan….If I show myself

    in such a long black dress on the street in Japan, people might

    think me crazy(63). Shocked by my dress, they would not like to

    listen to me, whatever I say. they would reject Islam because

    of my appearance, without trying to know its teaching(64). Thus

    I argued with her.

    Sixth months later, however, I got accustomed to my long

    dress and started to think I may wear it even in Japan. So, just

    before my return to Japan, I made some dresses with light

    colors and white Khimars, thinking they would be less

    shocking than the black one.

    The reaction of the Japanese to my white Khimar was rather

    good and I met no rejection or mockery at all. They seemed to

    be able to guess my belonging to a religion without knowing

    which it is. I heard a young girl behind me whispering to her

    friend that I was a "Buddhist nun"...

    Once on a train I sat beside an elderly man who asked me why

    I was in such a "strange fashion". I explained him that I was a

    Muslim and in Islam women are commanded to cover the

    body and their charm so as not to trouble men who are weak

    to resist this kind of temptation. He seemed very impressed by

    my explanation, may be because he did not welcome today's

    young girls' provocative fashion. He left the train thanking me

    and saying he would have liked to have more time to talk with

    me on Islam.

    My father was sorry that I went out even on the hottest day in

    summer with a long sleeve and a head-cover, but I found the

    hijab convenient for avoiding the direct sunlight on the head

    and the neck... I felt rather uneasy in looking at the white

    thigh of my younger sister who wore short pants. I've often

    been embarrassed even before my conversion by the sight of a

    woman's busts and hips traced by the shape of her tight thin

    clothes. I felt as if I had seen something not to be seen. If such

    a sight embraces me who is of the same sex, it is not difficult

    to imagine what effect it would give to men.

    Why hide the body in its natural state?, you may ask. But

    think it was considered vulgar fifty years ago in Japan to swim

    in a swimming suit. Now we swim in a bikini without shame.

    If you swim, however, with a topless, people would say you

    are shameless, but go to a South-France's beach, where many

    women, young and old, take a sun-bath in a topless. If you go

    to a certain beach on the west coast in America, the nudists

    take a sun-bath as naked as when they are born. On the other

    side, at the medieval times, a knight trembled at a brief sight

    of a shoe of his adoring lady. It shows the definition of

    women's "secret part" can be changed. How you can answer to

    a nudist if she asks you why you hide yours busts and hips

    although they are as natural as your hands and face? It is the

    same for the hijab of a Muslima. We consider all our body

    except hands and face as private parts because Allah defined it

    like this(65). Its why we hide them from male strangers. If you

    keep something secret, it increases in value. Keeping woman's

    body secret increases its charm. Even for the eye of the same

    sex, the nape of a sister's neck is surprisingly beautiful

    because it is normally covered. If a man loses the feeling of

    shame and starts to walk naked and excrete and "make love"

    in the presence of other people, he would then become no

    different than an animal. I think the culture of men started

    when men knew the sense of shame.

    Some Japanese wives (put their) make up only when they go

    out, never minding at home how they look. But in Islam a wife

    tries to be beautiful especially for her husband and a husband

    also tries to have a nice look to please his wife. They have

    shame even between themselves and towards each other. You

    may say why we are "over-sensitive" to hide the body except

    the face and the hands so as not to excite men's desire, as if a

    man looks always at a woman with a sexual appetite.

    But the problem of sexual harassment so much talked about

    recently shows how men are weak to resist to this kind of

    attraction. We could not expect prevention of sex harassment

    only by appealing men's high morality and self-control...As a

    short skirt might be interpreted by men to say: " if you want

    me, you may take me", a hijab means clearly, "I am forbidden

    for you. "

    Three months after coming back from Cairo, I left Japan to

    Saudi Arabia, and this time with my husband. I had prepared a

    small black cloth to cover the face with...Arriving at Riyadh, I

    found out that not all the women covered the face. The non-

    Muslim foreigners of course put only a black gown

    nonchalantly without covering the head, but the Muslim

    foreigners also uncovered the face(66). As for the Saudi women,

    all of them seemed to cover perfectly from top to toe.

    On my first going out, I put the niqab and found out (that) it

    (was) quite nice. Once accustomed to it, there is no

    inconvenience. Rather, I felt quite fine as if I became a noble

    and special person. I felt like the owner of a stolen

    masterpiece who enjoyed the secret pleasure: I have a treasure

    that you don't know and which you are not allowed to see. A

    foreigner might see a couple of a fat man and a woman all

    covered in black who follows him in the street in Riyadh as a

    caricature of the oppressing-oppressed relationship or the

    possessing-possessed relationship, but the fact is that the

    women feel as if they were queens guarded and lead by

    servants.

    During the first several months in Riyadh, I covered only the

    part beneath the eyes. But when I made a winter cloth, I made

    on the same occasion a thin eye-cover. My armament then

    became perfect and my comfort also. Even in a crowd of men,

    I felt no more uneasiness. I felt as if I had become transparent

    before the eyes of men. When I displayed the eyes, I felt

    sometines uneasy when my eyes met a man's eye accidentally,

    especially because the Arab people have very keen eyes. The

    eye-cover prevents, like black sun-glasses, the visual intrusion

    of strangers.

    Khaula further says that the Muslim woman "covers herself

    for her own dignity. She refuses to be possessed by the eyes of

    a stranger and to be his object. She feels pity for western

    women who display their private parts as objects f or male

    strangers. If one observes the hijab from outside, one will

    never see what is hidden in it. Observing the hijab from the

    outside and living it from inside are two completely different

    things. We see different things. This gap explains the gap of

    understanding Islam. From the outside, Islam looks like a

    'prison' without any liberty. But living inside of it, we feel at

    peace and freedom and joy that we've never known

    before...We chose Islam against the so-called freedom and

    pleasure. If it is true that Islam is a religion that oppresses the

    women, why are there so many young women in Europe, in

    America, and in Japan who abandon their liberty and

    independence to embrace Islam? I want people to reflect on it.

    A person blinded because of his prejudice may not see it, but

    a woman with the hijab is so brightly beautiful as an angel or

    a saint with self-confidence, calmness, and dignity. Not a

    slight touch of shade nor trace of oppression is on her face.

    'They are blind and cannot see', says the Qur'an about those

    who deny the sign of Allah, but by what else can we explain

    this gap on the understanding of Islam between us and those

    people." (3/1993)

    Note: Khula's article was sent (late 1993) to the Women's

    Office of the Islamic Guidance Center, Buraidah, Al-

    Qassim, KSA.

    ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ__________

    (60) She is giving a reflection of her early degree of religious awareness

    and consciousness.

    (61) i.e. God conscious.

    (62) It is strongly urged that all non-Arabic speaking Muslims to learn

    Arabic. It helps them to know better about Islam.

    (63) Many women feel this kind of feeling. These are temptations of the

    Shyatan trying to sway the Muslima from obedience to Allah.

    (64) Shaytan wants the Muslim to feel "inferior". The believer, however,

    remembers that Islam is from Allah and the person he is dealing with is

    only a created being, who will die and will return to answer for his

    rejection of Allah's religion. The hijab for women and the beard for men

    are to be respected, first, by the Muslim in order to feel strong about

    their appearence. This can be achieved by remembering that these

    outwardly appearances are the command of Allah and His Messenger.

    (65) This matter had been discussed in the text. Khaula further says in her

    article that: "No need to say that the woman's face is one of the biggest

    charm points. It is possible that a man "falls in love" with a woman at a

    glance of her face. It is better for a woman to hide the face"

    (66) Not all. In fact in Saudi Arabia, many Muslimat from many countries

    cover their faces.

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