Фазилати рӯзи ошуро, ва соли нав, ва муҳосабати нафс

Гузориши мухтасар:

Аз беҳтарин неъматҳое: ки Худованд барои бандагонаш дода аст, ин аст, ки рӯзҳои бузург ва пурфайзу баракатро барояшон пай дар пай оварда аст; то ин ки бандагонаш аз аҷру савоби ин рӯзҳо баҳраманд шаванд.
Чун мавсими ҳаҷ ба поён расид баъд аз он Худованд дигар моҳи бузургеро миёрад "Муҳаррам", ки онро пайғамбари Худо ба номи "Шаҳруллоҳи алмуҳаррам" номида аст.
Фазилат ва бузургии рӯзи ошуро, ва рӯза гирифтани он ҳадисҳои зиёде дар баёни фазилат ва рӯза гирифтани рӯзи ошуро аз Пайғамбари Худо ривоят шудааст, ки баъзе аз онҳоро батаври мисол зикр хоҳем кард.

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    Afpbkfnb hepb jiehj df cjkb yfd df vesjcf,fnb yfac

    ] طاجيكية – TajikiТоҷики [

    Қисми илмии дори ал-Қосим

    Тарҷумаи : Абдуссатори Ҳақназар

    2009 – 1430

    فضل يوم عاشوراء ويليله العام الجديد ومحاسبة النفس

    « باللغة الطاجيكية »

    القسم العلمي بدار القاسم

    ترجمة: عبد الستار حقنظر

    2009 - 1430

    Afpbkfnb hepb jiehj df cjkb yfd df vesjcf,fnb yfac

    Sfvle cfyj {eljdfylb ,epehuhj^ df lehele cfkjv ,f Gfq=fv,fhfi^ df ,fh jke fcsj,fi&

    Fvvj ,fml~

    {eljdfylb ,epehu lfh rbnj,b gjrfi vtafhvjzl~

    ﭽ ﭑ ﭒ ﭓ ﭔ ﭕﭖ ﭗ ﭘ ﭙ ﭚ ﭛ ﭜﭝ ﭞ ﭟ ﭠ ﭡ ﭢ ﭼ إبراهيم: ٣٤

    Zmyt~ @Df ievjhj fp sfhxb [jcntl ljl^ df fufh ytmvfnb {eljhj ,bievjhtl jyhj yfnjytl bsjnf rfhlf^ sfh jqyf bycjy cbnfvujh df yjcbgjc [email protected]

    Fp ,tsnfhby ytmvfnsjt^ rb {eljdfyl ,fhjq ,fylfujyfi ljlf fcn by fcn^ rb hepsjb ,epehu df gehafqpe ,fhfrfnhj ,fhjzijy gfq lfh gfq jdfhlf fcn& Nj byrb ,fylfujyfi fp f/he cfdj,b by hepsj ,fshfvfyl ifdfyl&

    Xey vfdcbvb sf/ ,f gj\y hfcbl ,fml fpjy {eljdfyl lbufh vjsb ,epehuthj vb\hfl @[email protected] rb jyhj gfq=fv,fhb {elj ,f yjvb @Ifshek Kjsb [email protected] yjvblf fcn^ lfh sflbcb ifhba jvflf fcn rb jyhj bvjv Veckbv hbdjzn vtreyfl~

    { أفضل الصيام بعد شهر رمضان شهر الله الذي تدعونه المحرم، وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة قيام الليل }

    Zmyt~ @(Vjsb {eljdfyl) rb jyhj ,f yjvb Vesfhhfv \l vtreytl vt,jifl^ df ,tsnfhby yfvjp ,fml fp yfvjpb afhbpf yfvjpb if, [email protected]

    Gfc vt,bytv rb gfq=fv,fhb {elj vjsb vesfhhfvhj ,f @Ifshek [email protected] (Vjsb {eljdfyl) yjvbl rb by lfkjkfn ,f ifhfa df ,epehubb by vjs vtreyfl&

    Bvjv Sfcfyb ,fchb vtuezl~ @{eljdfyl iehem rfhlffcn cjkhj ,f vjsb sfhjv df ,f gj\y hfcjyblffcn cjkhj ,f vjsb sfhjv @zmyt vjsb [email protected] rb by vjs lfh yfplb {eljdfyl ,tsnfhbyb vjssjb cjk ,fml fp vjsb ifhbab hfvjpjy vt,jifl^ xey lfh by vjs @vesfh[email protected] sjlbcfb ,fpehut dj-bm ielf fcn rb {eljdfyl lfh jy sf-hj ,fh ,jnbk gbhep ufhljhybl ,f yf/jn ljlfyb Vecj (M) ,j -fdvfi df =fh- rfhlfyb Abhmfdy ,j [email protected]&

    Zmyt~ {eljdfyl lfh zrt fp hepsjb vjsb vesfhhfv sfphfnb Vecj (m)$hj ,j -fdvfi fp Abhmfdy yf/jn ljl^ df lfh sfvjyhep Abhmfdyhj ,j -fdvfi =fh- yfvel^ df jy hep hepb @lfsevb [email protected] ,el^ rb ,fyjvb hepb @[email protected] yjvblf vtifdfl&

    Afpbkfn df ,epehubb hepb jiehj df hepf ubhbanfyb jy

    Sflbcsjb pb\lt lfh ,f\yb afpbkfn df hepf ubhbanfyb hepb jiehj fp Gfq=fv,fhb {elj hbdjzn ielf fcn^ rb ,fmpt fp jysjhj ,fnfdhb vbcjk pbrh [jstv rfhl^

    Lfh cfsbsfqy (Cfsbsek (m) by hephj ,fhjq ,epehubzi hepf vtubhban^ df byxeyby fskb rbnj, by hephj hepf vtubhbanfyl^ df fhf,b -ehfqisfv lfh pfvjyb /jsbkbzn by hephj hepf vtubhbanfyl^ df Vesfvvfl (c) sfyujvt^ rb lfh Vfrrf ,el by hephj hepf vtubhban^ fvvj vfhlevhj ,f hepf ubhbanfyfi fvh yfvtrfhl^ fvvj df-nj^ rb ,f Vflbyfb Veyfddfhf jvfl df lbl rb fskb rbnj, by hephj hepf vtubhfyl gfc jy hephj hepf ubhban df vfhlevhj ,f hepf ubhbanfyfi fvh rfhl^ xeyjyt lfh cfsbsfqy (Cfsbsek (m)$hj yf/jn ljl^ df Abhmfdyhj ,j -fdvfi =fh- rfhl df Vecj (m) by hephj ,fhjq ,f/j jdfhlfyb ierhb {elj hepf vtubhban^ gfc Gfq=fv,fhb {elj uean~

    { فنحن أحق وأولى بموسى منكم }

    Zmyt~ @Gfc vj fp ievj sfv vecnfsb-nfh df fdkjnfh sfcntv ,f [email protected] cbgfc Gfq=fv,fhb {elj by hephj hepf ubhban df vfhlevhj ,f hepf ubhbanfyfi fvh rfhl&

    Df sfyujvt^ rb hepf ubhbanfyb vjsb hfvfpjy fp /jyb,b {eljdfyl afhp ufhlbl Gfq=fv,fhb {elj fvhb hepf ubhbanfyb hepb jiehjhj nfhr rfhl gfc sfh rfcrb vt[jcn by hephj hepf vtubhban df sfhrb yfvt[jcsfv yfvtubhban^ zmyt~ Hepf ubhbanfyfi vecnfsf, iel&

    Xeyjyt lfh sflbcb ifhba jvflf fcn rb Gfq=fv,fhb {elj afhvel~

    { هذا يوم عاشوراء ولم يكتب الله عليكم صيامه وأنا صائم، فمن شاء فليصم ومن شاء فليفطر }

    Zmyt~ @By hepb jiehj fcn rb {eljdfyl hepf ubhbanfyfihj ,f ievj afhp yfufhljyblf fcn^ df vfy lfh by hep hepfljh sfcnfv^ gfc rfct ,b[jsfl by hephj hepf ,bubhfl df rfct yfvt[jsfl banjh [email protected]& By sflbc lfkjkfn ,f vecnfsf, ,elfyb hepfb jiehj vtreyfl&

    Df lbufh afpbkfnb vjsb vesfhhfv by fcn rb rfct hepb jiehj hepf ,bubhfl {eljdfyl zr cjkf ueyjsjyb uepfinffihj vt,f[ifl^ xeyjyt lfh cfsbs Veckbv fp F,b _fnjlf hbdjzn fcn rb vfhlt Gfq=fv,fhb {eljhj fp hepf ubhbanfyb jiehj gehcbl^ gfc Gfq=fv,fhb {elj afhvel~

    { أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التي قبله }.

    Vfmyj ~ @Fp {eljsdfyl evtl ljhfv rb zr cjkf ueyjsb uepfinfhj vt,f[[email protected]&

    Df Gfq=fv,fhb {elj lfh j[bhb evhfijy ybzn rfhlfyl rb lbufh hepb jiehjhj nfysj hepf yfubhfyl ,fkrb hepb lbufhthj ,j e gfqdfyl reyfyl nj ve[jkfafnb ,j fskb rbnj, ifdfl&

    Lfh zr sflbc jvflf fcn rb df-nj^ rb Gfq=fv,fhb {elj hepb jiehjhj hepf ubhban fcsj,b rbhjv ,f e ueanfyl~ By hept fcn rb Zselbsj lfh jy hepf vtubhfyl^ gfc Gfq=fvf,fhb {elj ,fhjzijy uean~ @Fufh cjkb jzylf jvfl hepb yesevhj ,j sfvhjzi hepf vtubhtv (zmyt hepb yesevhj ,j hepb lfsev ,jsfv hepf vtubhtv nj ve[jkfafnb ,j fskb rbnj, ifdfl)@& B,yb _fqbv lfh rbnj,b Pjlekvbjl vtuezl~ @hepf ubhbanfyb jiehj ct vfhnf,f ljhfl~

    Vfhnf,fb fddfk~

    Vfhnf,fq ledev~ Df ,fml fp jy [e,nfh by fcn rb zr hep gti (hepb yesevhj) ,j hepb jiehj ,j sfv hepf ubhbanf ifdfl& Vfhnf,fq ct.v~ Hepf ubhbanfyb hepb jiehj [email protected]&

    (yfdjdfhbsjt rb) lfh hepb Jiehj fp /jyb,b vfhlev fy/jv ljlf vtifdfl

    (c) jyhj fy/jv yfljlf ,jifl^ df fp /evkf ,blmfnsjt rb lfh hepb Jiehj fp /jyb,b ,fmpt vfhlev fy/jv ljlf vtifdfl^ vjyfylb~ Cehvf rfiblfy^ df byxeyby =eck rfhlfy^ df nfq\h rfhlfyb nfmjvb [jc ,fhjq hepb jiehj^ lfh ,jhfq sfvfb by rjhsj sflbcsjb pfmba df ,tfck fp yjvb Gfq=fv,fhb {elj (c) hbdjzn ielf fcn^ df ,fhjq vj kjpbv fcn rb fp by rjhsj lfh hepb Jiehj [elljhb reytv nj ubhbanjhb ueyjsb ,blmfn yfifdtv&

    Df lbufh ,blmfnsjt fcn rb vfhlev jysjhj lfh hepb Jiehj fy/jv vtlbsfyl^ vjyfylb~ vf[cec rfhlfyb hepb Jiehjhj ,j lemjsjb [jc^ df byxeyby ,fmpt lemjsjt rb jysjhj ,f yjvb lemjb hepb Jiehj vtyjvfyl^ df jyxbpthj rb Hjabpb\y lfh by hep fy/jv vtlbsfyl zujy fckt lfh lbyb bckjv yfljhfl^ df byxeyby fp ,blmfnsjb ,epehut rb lfh by hep fy/jv ljlf vtifdfl^ vjyfylb sfvxey bl gtidjp ubhbanfyb fddfkb cjkb sb/hb df nf-cbv rfhlfyb sflbzsj lfh by hep^ df sfvxey bl gtidjp ubhbanfyb jy sfh cjk&

    Cjkb yfd df vesjcf,fnb yfac

    ﴿ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ ﴾ [الحشر:18].

    Zmyt~ @"q vecfkvjyjy fp {elj ,bnfhctl df ,jzl sfh if[c nffvvek reyfl rb xb xbpthj ,fhjq [email protected] hepb -b\[email protected] gti abhbcnjlf fcn @

    B,yb Rfcbh lfh nfacbhb by jzn vtuezl~ @Vesjcf,f reytl ,j yfacsjb [el gti fp byrb ,j ievj vesjcf,f rfhlf ifdfl^ df ,e,bytl rb xb xbp nf\h rfhlftl^ ,fhjq hept rb ,fh vtufhltl lfh jy ,fceq [email protected]

    Df b,yb _fqbvb ?fdpb xbueyf vesjcf,fnb yfachj ,j ,tsnfhby nfhb-f ,f\y rfhlf fcn rb vtuezl~ Fddfkfy bycjy yfacb [elhj ,fhjq bnjfn fp afhpsj vesjcf,f reyfl^ gfc fufh lbl rb zujy ye-cjyt lfh afhjbp ljhfl jyhj gehf reyfl \ ,fh -fpj ljinfyb jy df \ ,f bckjs ielfy lfh jzylf^ df ,fml fp jy yfacb [elhj vesjcf,f reyfl fp vfysb\n @rjhsjt rb lbyb bckjv vjhj fpjy vfym rfhlf [email protected] gfc fufh lbl rb xbpt fp jy rjhsjhj fy/jv vtlbsfl [elhj fp jy [fkjc reyfl ,f nfd,f rfhlfy fp jy ueyjsj df byxeyby ,j nfkf,b vf=abhfn /ecnfy fp {eljdfyl^ df byxeyby vesjcf,f reyfl yfacb [elhj ,fhjq =fakfn nj by rb fp jyxbpt rb {eljdfyl jyhj ,fhjq jy [fk- rfhlf fcn =jabk yfifdfl rb fk,fnnf jy b,jlfnb {eljq zrnj vt,jifl&

    Gfc ,fhjlfhjy df [jsfhjyb fskb bckjv fp hepb fddfkb cjkb yfd ,f ceq gfhdfhlbujhb [el ,fhufinf df fp e nfkf,b vf=abhfnb ueyjsjy reytl^ nj by rb cjkb yfdb [elhj ,f fvfkb cjkbs df ,j hbpjubb {eljdfyl iehem reytv^ df ,j rfcjyt [elhj yfplbr reytv rb vjhj ,f hbpjub {eljdfyl yfplbr vtcjpfyl& Df fp {eljdfyl nfkf,b lemj vtreytv rb cjkb yfdhj ,fhjq [fqhb bckjv df vecfkvjyjy ufhljyfl^ df evhsjb vjhj lfh njfne b,jlfnfi lfhjp ufhljyfl^ df fp pbrhe \lb [elfi =jabk yfcjpfl &Jvby!

    Назари ту бароямон муҳим аст